The New Colossus / We are all immigrants

Not like the brazen giant of Greek fame
With conquering limbs astride from land to land;
Here at our sea-washed, sunset gates shall stand
A mighty woman with a torch, whose flame
Is the imprisoned lightning, and her name
Mother of Exiles. From her beacon-hand
Glows world-wide welcome; her mild eyes command
The air-bridged harbor that twin cities frame,
“Keep, ancient lands, your storied pomp!” cries she
With silent lips. “Give me your tired, your poor,
Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free,
The wretched refuse of your teeming shore,
Send these, the homeless, tempest-tossed to me,
I lift my lamp beside the golden door
!”

by Emma Lazarus

Immigration is the topic today, Wednesday 2nd July. Frank Couvares started telling us about his and his wife’s parents and grandparents’ origin. He is a “mango“, his grandparents came from Italy (from one side) and Greece and Germany (from the other). This is a very common story in America, there are only very few that come from the first colonists without any mixture. In fact that is almost impossible.
Last evening we were watching the film “El Norte“. Most of it was in Spanish what makes a more moving experience for me. I ended up crying.
Here are some statistics from the U.S. Census Bureau: Region of Birth of the Foreign-Born Population: 1850 to 1930 and 1960 to 1990. In the first of those periods, the biggest cities in America are 60% – 80% immigrants.
There was no regulation on immigration until 1917 in the immigration Act. List of United States immigration legislation.
The most significant number of immigrants in 1990 is 44.3 % people from Latin American, and at present “Latinos” are the largest plurality.

The democratic party is also split in relation to immigration, but the split is less than in the republican party.
The Green card allows you to work in the States, but even if you don’t have it you can be paying taxes, this is really complicated to understand, but that is.

The second lecture of the day was Latino identity by Rick Lopez . Latinos are becoming active and are creating an identity that before didn’t exist like that.
The face of the Latinos in the present days: they are not an invisible minority now, they are more unified and united as Latinos, the question they are facing nowadays is in terms of civil rights.
Some links to explore later on:
Texas rangers and n 1924 the petrol border was created.
LULA League of united Latino American citizens
The bracero program.
1960s, The Chicano movement started. It has 4 branches and represents the struggle for the right to have rights, they claim their part in the community. Chicano Movement in Washington State, History Project
Puerto Ricans are the second group of Latinos in the States, they are American, but they are also Latinos because of the language. (1917 Jones act-citizenship). Cuban-American are the 3rd group of Hispanic (this term was invented in the 1960s and the term Latino was created with a market target).

Latinos are going to be very influential in this election, as a guess Frank says that 70% Mexican American will go for democrat as well as 90% of Puerto Ricans. Cuban used to be 90% republicans, but this tendency seems to be changing and he guesses they could vote 50/50.
In the afternoon we went to visit the CNA, Center for the New Americans. We had a long talk with the director James Ayres. We were asking questions for more than an hour or more. Can you believe that? This is the way we are :-). He has invited us to join him and his family in Chesterfield for the 4th of July Parade.
As a conclusion, everybody in America, except the Native American Indians, could be considered an immigrant though not everybody remembers that now.

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